Andersonville Prison, Georgia, August 1864
The Andersonville National Historic Site, located near Andersonville, Georgia, preserves the former Camp Sumter (also known as Andersonville Prison), a Confederate prisoner-of-war camp during the final twelve months of the American Civil War. Most of the site lies in southwestern Macon County, adjacent to the east side of the town of Andersonville. The prison was made in February of 1864 and served to April of 1865.
The site was commanded by Captain Henry Wirz, who was tried and executed after the war for war crimes. It was overcrowded to four times its capacity, with an inadequate water supply, inadequate food rations, and unsanitary conditions. Of the approximately 45,000 Union prisoners held at Camp Sumter during the war, nearly 13,000 died. The chief causes of death were scurvy, diarrhea, and dysentery. Wikipedia
Learn more about Andersonville Prison through historical newspapers from our archives. Explore newspaper articles, headlines, images, and other primary sources below.
Articles and Clippings about Andersonville Prison
Two first hand accounts of Andersonville Prison Fri, Oct 23, 1903 – 6 · Wilkes-Barre Semi-Weekly Record (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) · Newspapers.comA first hand account of Andersonville Prison Thu, Nov 19, 1885 – 2 · Wayne County Herald (Honesdale, Pennsylvania) · Newspapers.comConfederate perspective on Andersonville Prison conditions and treatment of prisoners Thu, Jan 9, 1890 – 11 · The Weekly Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama) · Newspapers.comAccount of conditions at Andersonville Prison Fri, Aug 18, 1865 – Page 1 · The St Johnsbury Caledonian (St Johnsbury, Vermont) · Newspapers.comReader questions death rates for Confederate prisoners of war in Union prisons Sat, Jun 1, 1867 – 2 · Clarion-Ledger (Jackson, Mississippi) · Newspapers.comNew York Times article on Andersonville Prison (with map) Sun, Nov 26, 1865 – Page 1 · The New York Times (New York, New York) · Newspapers.comAccount of prisoners being released from Andersonville Prison Thu, Sep 22, 1904 – 2 · The National Tribune (Washington, District of Columbia) · Newspapers.comExcerpt from trial of Henry Wirz, commander at Andersonville Prison Sat, Sep 23, 1865 – Page 2 · The Burlington Free Press (Burlington, Vermont) · Newspapers.comThe commander of Andersonville Prison Captain Wirz hung Fri, Nov 17, 1865 – 2 · The Bedford Inquirer (Bedford, Pennsylvania) · Newspapers.comUnion dead at Andersonville are identified and buried after the war; Clara Barton assists Sat, Aug 26, 1865 – Page 1 · The Pantagraph (Bloomington, Illinois) · Newspapers.comAssociation to assist Andersonville Prison survivors, widows, and orphans Thu, Sep 28, 1865 – Page 2 · The Olathe Mirror (Olathe, Kansas) · Newspapers.comAndersonville Prison site and cemetery turned into park Tue, Oct 18, 1910 – 3 · Wilkes-Barre Semi-Weekly Record (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) · Newspapers.comHistoric pistol of Andersonville Prison camp leader Captain Wirz now in archives. Sun, Jul 9, 1905 – Page 20 · St. Louis Post-Dispatch (St. Louis, Missouri) · Newspapers.comBiography of Dorence Atwater, keeper of the death rolls at Andersonville Prison Sun, Apr 27, 1924 – 53 · Hartford Courant (Hartford, Connecticut) · Newspapers.com