New York is a state located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the northeastern United States. In addition to sharing a border with five other states, New York also borders Canada, Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, and the Atlantic Ocean. One of the original 13 colonies, New York has become one of the most populous U.S. states, as well as a cultural, economic, and financial center.?
Timeline of New York History:
Pre-European: Native American tribes inhabit the area, including Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) and Algonquian groups?
1524: Giovanni da Verrazzano explores the Atlantic coast, including New York Harbor
1609: Henry Hudson explores the Hudson River; Samuel de Champlain explores Lake Champlain
1625: The Dutch establish Fort Amsterdam, which later becomes New Amsterdam and then New York City
1664: The British capture the area from the Dutch and name it New York
1777: New York adopts its first constitution; the Battles of Saratoga mark a turning point in the Revolutionary War
1788: New York becomes the 11th U.S. state
1797: Albany becomes the state capital
1825: The Erie Canal opens
1827: Slavery ends in New York
1848: A landmark women’s rights convention is held at Seneca Falls?
1892: The immigration station at Ellis Island opens
1904: The first subway line opens in New York City
1920s: The Harlem Renaissance blossoms in New York City
1969: The Woodstock music festival takes place in Bethel
2001: Terrorists attack the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City
2012: Hurricane Sandy causes extensive damage along New York’s coast
Date of statehood: July 26, 1788 (11th state)
Size (area): 54,555 sq mi (141,300 sq km)
Nickname: The Empire State
Learn more about New York through historical newspapers from our archives. Explore newspaper articles, headlines, images, and other primary sources below.